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Updated: 37 min 18 sec ago

Nearly 40 N.J.

September 30, 2018 - 20:38
Link: Nearly 40 N.J. towns have now banned legal weed. Here's the full listArticle Date: Sunday, September 30, 2018Sunday, September 30, 2018Tags:

As state lawmakers continue hashing out a marijuana legalization bill, the list of towns in New Jersey saying no to legal weed just keeps growing.
There are now nearly 40 municipalities across the state that have either banned marijuana businesses or officially voiced opposition to legal weed.

Edibles-Can you tell the Difference

September 28, 2018 - 09:18
Link: Edibles-Can you tell the DifferenceArticle Date: Friday, September 28, 2018Friday, September 28, 2018

State agencies issue advisory

September 28, 2018 - 08:55
Link: State agencies issue advisory about marijuana, hemp productsArticle Date: Friday, September 28, 2018Friday, September 28, 2018Tags:

The advisory mentions the following risks:
1. Marijuana is addictive. Approximately one in eleven individuals who use marijuana will become addicted. The risk is greater in youth. One in six teenagers who use marijuana will become addicted, and the risk for developing a marijuana substance use disorder further increases for those who use marijuana frequently.....

Tennessee DOH

September 27, 2018 - 20:51
Link: Tennessee Department of Health issues advisory on CannabisArticle Date: Thursday, September 27, 2018Thursday, September 27, 2018Tags:
  • Marijuana is addictive. Approximately one in 11 adults who use marijuana will become addicted, and the risk of addiction is greater among youth.  
  • Marijuana now available is more potent with greater levels of tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the primary psychoactive substance in Cannabis than marijuana available in previous decades. The long-term health or developmental consequences of exposure to these high concentrations of marijuana are unknown.
  • Marijuana use is associated with adverse health outcomes including development of psychoses like schizophrenia and increased risk of motor vehicle crashes.....

Surgical considerations

September 25, 2018 - 19:45
Link: Surgical considerations of marijuana use in elective procedures.Article Date: Tuesday, September 25, 2018Tuesday, September 25, 2018

In acute settings, marijuana's effects peaked at approximately 1 hour post initiation, lasting 2-4 hours. Marijuana increased cardiac workload, myocardial infarctions and strokes in young, chronic users. Cannabis caused similar pulmonary complications to those of a tobacco smoker. Marijuana caused airway obstruction and increased anesthetic dosages needed to place laryngeal airways. Use within 72 hours of general anesthesia was advised against. In vitro and in vivo studies were contradictory regarding prothrombic or antithrombotic effects.

Marijuana use is problematic to surgeons, left without evidence-based approaches. In emergency settings, marijuana use may be unavoidable. However, further research would provide much needed information to guide elective procedures.

Children of mothers

September 24, 2018 - 20:55
Link: Children of mothers using cannabis may start using it at an earlier age, finds studyArticle Date: Monday, September 24, 2018Monday, September 24, 2018Tags:

When mothers use marijuana during the first 12 years of their child's life, their cannabis-using children are more likely to start at an earlier age than children of non-using mothers, according to a new study from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. This study is the first to establish a relationship between maternal cannabis use during a child's lifetime and earlier initiation in a nationally-representative, longitudinal cohort and examine the role of race, gender, and other social environmental factors.

Emergency Rooms Seeing Rise In Syndrome Related To Marijuana Use

September 22, 2018 - 21:41
Link: Emergency Rooms Seeing Rise In Syndrome Related To Marijuana UseArticle Date: Saturday, September 22, 2018Saturday, September 22, 2018Tags:

“Painful cramping, vomiting occurring. It can happen every few weeks, every few months, last a few days and be incredibly uncomfortable,” said Dr. Michael Lynch of the Pittsburgh Poison Control Center at UPMC.

Is CBD Oil Harmful or Healing? What No One is Telling You

September 18, 2018 - 09:21
Link: Is CBD Oil Harmful or Healing? What No One is Telling YouArticle Date: Tuesday, September 4, 2018Tuesday, September 18, 2018Tags:

CBD oil may potentially interact in a negative way with anti-epilepsy drugs. As of now, only in vitro (test tube) observations exist with no living organism testing proving safety. Drugs that may interact include: 

  • carbamazepine (Tegretol)
  • phenytoin (Dilantin)
  • phenobarbital (Luminal, Solfoton, Tedral)
  • primidone (anti-seizure)

Doctor: Marijuana, e-cigarettes harmful to teen brains

September 17, 2018 - 08:15
Link: Doctor: Marijuana, e-cigarettes harmful to teen brainsArticle Date: Sunday, September 16, 2018Sunday, September 16, 2018Tags:

Marijuana concentrates such as shatter, butter or glass have THC concentrations as high as 90 percent. The same high levels are found in edible cannabis products sold in Colorado, packaged to look like popular candy bars and particularly appealing to children.

And despite the perception that marijuana is not addictive the way opiates or nicotine are, Potee said that 17 percent of those who start using it as adolescents develop addiction. For teens who use marijuana every day, the addiction rate is 30 to 50 percent.

Number of new heroin

September 16, 2018 - 06:50
Link: Number of new heroin users drops dramatically, but meth, marijuana use up, survey saysArticle Date: Sunday, September 16, 2018Sunday, September 16, 2018Tags:

There was more alarming news. Use of illegal drugs, including cocaine, marijuana, and opioids by pregnant women increased significantly between 2015 and 2017. About 7 percent of pregnant women reported using marijuana. Three percent said they used it daily. 

McCance-Katz says marijuana use is linked to fetal growth problems, preterm births, stillbirths, hyperactivity and impaired cognition in newborns. 

Warning Letters and Test Results for Cannabidiol-Related Products

September 13, 2018 - 18:47
Link: Warning Letters and Test Results for Cannabidiol-Related ProductsArticle Date: Thursday, September 13, 2018Thursday, September 13, 2018Tags:

Over the past several years, FDA has issued several warning letters to firms that market unapproved new drugs that allegedly contain cannabidiol (CBD). As part of these actions, FDA has tested the chemical content of cannabinoid compounds in some of the products, and many were found to not contain the levels of CBD they claimed to contain. It is important to note that these products are not approved by FDA for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of any disease. Consumers should beware purchasing and using any such products.

increased risk of prescription opioid misuse

September 13, 2018 - 18:45
Link: Marijuana use is associated with an increased risk of prescription opioid misuse and use disordersArticle Date: Thursday, September 13, 2018Thursday, September 13, 2018Tags:

New research suggests that marijuana users may be more likely than nonusers to misuse prescription opioids and develop prescription opioid use disorder. The study was conducted by researchers at the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health, and Columbia University.

4-year prospective cohort study

September 13, 2018 - 18:40
Link: Effect of cannabis use in people with chronic non-cancer pain prescribed opioids: findings from a 4-year prospective cohort studArticle Date: Thursday, September 13, 2018Thursday, September 13, 2018Tags:

In conclusion, cannabis use is common in people with chronic non-cancer pain who have been prescribed opioids, and interest in medicinal use of cannabis is increasing. We found no evidence that cannabis use improved patient outcomes; those who used cannabis had greater pain and lower self-efficacy in managing pain. Furthermore, we found no evidence that cannabis use reduced pain interference or exerted an opioidsparing effect.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

September 13, 2018 - 16:49
Link: Marijuana Use During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Implications for Neonatal and Childhood OutcomesArticle Date: Saturday, September 8, 2018Thursday, September 13, 2018Tags:

The importance of the published findings and the emerging research regarding the potential negative effects of marijuana on brain development are a cause for concern despite the limited research and are the basis for the following recommendations:

  1. Women who are considering becoming pregnant or who are of reproductive age need to be informed about the lack of definitive research and counseled about the current concerns regarding potential adverse effects of THC use on the woman and on fetal, infant, and child development. Marijuana can be included as part of a discussion about the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs and medications during pregnancy.
  2. As part of routine anticipatory guidance and in addition to contraception counseling, it is important to advise all adolescents and young women that if they become pregnant, marijuana should not be used during pregnancy.
  3. Pregnant women who are using marijuana or other cannabinoid-containing products to treat a medical condition or to treat nausea and vomiting during pregnancy should be counseled about the lack of safety data and the possible adverse effects of THC in these products on the developing fetus and referred to their health care provider for alternative treatments that have better pregnancy-specific safety data.
  4. Women of reproductive age who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant and are identified through universal screening as using marijuana should be counseled and, as clinically indicated, receive brief intervention and be referred to treatment.
  5. Although marijuana is legal in some states, pregnant women who use marijuana can be subject to child welfare investigations if they have a positive marijuana screen result. Health care providers should emphasize that the purpose of screening is to allow treatment of the woman’s substance use, not to punish or prosecute her.
  6. Present data are insufficient to assess the effects of exposure of infants to maternal marijuana use during breastfeeding. As a result, maternal marijuana use while breastfeeding is discouraged. Because the potential risks of infant exposure to marijuana metabolites are unknown, women should be informed of the potential risk of exposure during lactation and encouraged to abstain from using any marijuana products while breastfeeding.
  7. Pregnant or breastfeeding women should be cautioned about infant exposure to smoke from marijuana in the environment, given emerging data on the effects of passive marijuana smoke.
  8. Women who have become abstinent from previous marijuana use should be encouraged to remain abstinent while pregnant and breastfeeding.
  9. Further research regarding the use of and effects of marijuana during pregnancy and breastfeeding is needed.
  10. Pediatricians are urged to work with their state and/or local health departments if legalization of marijuana is being considered or has occurred in their state to help with constructive, nonpunitive policy and education for families.

2018 Marijuana in Colorado Volume 5

September 12, 2018 - 19:37
Link: The Legalization of Marijuana in Colorado: The Impact Volume 5 – 2018, UPDATEArticle Date: Wednesday, September 12, 2018Wednesday, September 12, 2018Tags:

Executive Summary

RMHIDTA has published annual reports every year since 2013 tracking the impact of legalizing recreational marijuana in Colorado. The purpose is to provide data and information so that policy makers and citizens can make informed decisions on the issue of marijuana legalization. This year (2018) RMHIDTA elected to provide an update to the 2017 Volume 5 report rather than another detailed report.   Section I: Traffic Fatalities & Impaired Driving x Since recreational marijuana was legalized, marijuana related traffic deaths increased 151 percent while all Colorado traffic deaths increased 35 percent x Since recreational marijuana was legalized, traffic deaths involving drivers who tested positive for marijuana more than doubled from 55 in 2013 to 138 people killed in 2017. o This equates to one person killed every 2 1⁄2 days compared to one person killed every 6 1⁄2 days. x The percentage of all Colorado traffic deaths that were marijuana related increased from 11.43 percent in 2013 to 21.3 percent in 2017.   Section II: Marijuana Use x Colorado past month marijuana use shows a 45 percent increase in comparing the three-year average prior to recreational marijuana being legalized to the three years after legalization. x Colorado past month marijuana use for ages 12 and older is ranked 3rd in the nation and is 85 percent higher than the national average.   Section III: Public Health x The yearly rate of emergency department visits related to marijuana increased 52 percent after the legalization of recreational marijuana. (2012 compared to 2016) x The yearly rate of marijuana-related hospitalizations increased 148 percent after the legalization of recreational marijuana. (2012 compared to 2016) x Marijuana only exposures more than tripled in the five-year average (2013-2017) since Colorado legalized recreational marijuana compared to the five-year average (2008-2012) prior to legalization.   Section IV: Black Market x RMHIDTA Colorado Task Forces (10) conducted 144 investigations of black market marijuana in Colorado resulting in: o 239 felony arrests o 7.3 tons of marijuana seized o 43,949 marijuana plants seized o 24 different states the marijuana was destined x The number of highway seizures of Colorado marijuana increased 39 percent from an average of 242 seizures (2009-2012) to an average of 336 seizures (2013- 2017) during the time recreational marijuana has been legal. x Seizures of Colorado marijuana in the U.S. mail system has increased 1,042 percent from an average of 52 parcels (2009-2012) to an average of 594 parcels (2013-2017) during the time recreational marijuana has been legal.   Section V: Societal Impact x Marijuana tax revenue represent approximately nine tenths of one percent of Colorado’s FY 2017 budget. x Violent crime increased 18.6 percent and property crime increased 8.3 percent in Colorado since 2013. x 65 percent of local jurisdictions in Colorado have banned medical and recreational marijuana businesses.   Section IV: Marijuana Industry x According to the Marijuana Policy Group, Market Size and Demand for Marijuana in Colorado 2017 Market Update: o “From 2014 through 2017, average annual adult use flower prices fell 62.0 percent, from $14.05 to $5.34 per gram weighted average.” o “Adult use concentrate prices fell 47.9 percent, from $41.43 to $21.57 per gram.” o “The average THC content of all tested flower in 2017 was 19.6 percent statewide compared to 17.4 percent in 2016, 16.6 percent in 2015 and 16.4 percent in 2014.” o “The average potency of concentrated extract products increased steadily from 56.6 percent THC content by weight in 2014 to 68.6 percent at the end of 2017.”   x As of June 2017, there were 491 retail marijuana stores in the state of Colorado compared to 392 Starbucks and 208 McDonald’s.

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